tsar

tsar
/zar/(t)sar/
(czar, also written zar, tsar, tzar, etc.)
The title of the former emperors of Russia, derived from the old Slavonic cesar, king or emperor, which, although long held to be derived from the Roman title Caesar, is almost certainly of Tartar origin. The Slavonic word ultimately represents the Latin Caesar, but came through the medium of a Germanic language in which the word had the general sense "emperor." In the beginning of the 10th century the Bulgarian prince Symeon assumed this title, which remained attached to the Bulgarian crown. In 1346 it was adopted by Stephen Duschan, king of Serbia. Among the Russians the Byzantine emperors were so called, as were also the khans of the Mongols that ruled in Russia. Ivan III, grand prince of Moscow, held the title, and Ivan IV, the Terrible, in 1547, caused himself to be crowned as czar. In 1721 the Senate and clergy conferred on Peter I, in the name of the nation, the title Emperor of Russia, for which in Russia the Latin word imperator is used. Peter the Great introduced the title imperator, "emperor," and the official style then became "Emperor of all the Russias, Tsar of Poland, and Grand Duke of Finland"; but the Russian popular appellation continued to be tear (the preferable modern spelling). The last tsar was Nicholas II, who abdicated on March 15, 1917, and was later executed
+ tsar
The less common spelling of "czar" (q.v.)
See also tzarina

Black's law dictionary. . 1990.

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  • tsar — tsar …   Dictionnaire des rimes

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  • tsar — tsar; tsar·dom; tsar·e·vitch; tsar·ish; tsar·ism; tsar·is·tic; …   English syllables

  • tsar — tsar, czar Both spellings are in use for the title of the Russian emperors before 1917, but tsar (which is closer to the Russian form) is more common in BrE and czar in AmE. Tsar is also the more usual spelling in the extended meaning… …   Modern English usage

  • Tsar — Tsar, n. The title of the emperor of Russia. See {Czar}. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • tsar — [ zar, tsar ] another spelling of czar …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • tsar — s. m. O mesmo que czar.   ‣ Etimologia: russo tsar …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

  • tsar — (el. zar) sb., en, er, erne (HISTORISK russisk kejser), i sms. tsar , fx tsarrige …   Dansk ordbog

  • tsar — [tsär, zär] n. var. of CZAR (sense 1) tsardom n. tsarism n. tsarist adj., n …   English World dictionary

  • Tsar — steht für die Zar Bombe, sowjetische Wasserstoffbombe die Czar (1912), ein 1912 in Dienst gestelltes russisches Passagierschiff Siehe auch: Tshar Tradition ( tib. tshar pa), eine Schule des tibetischen Buddhismus Csar, ZAR (dort auch andere… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • TSAR — vide Czar, it. Moscovia …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

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